Pasolini, Pier Paolo


Pasolini, Pier Paolo
(1922–1975)
   Director, novelist, poet, and critic, Pierpaolo Pasolini was born and educated in Bologna and studied first art history and then (after an interlude in which he was drafted into the Italian army) modern literature. After graduating, Pasolini went to Rome and drifted into the underworld of prostitutes — both male and female—their procurers, and petty criminals that populate his films and stories. His first novel was banned for obscenity, a punishment that did not stop his book of poems, Le ceneri di Gramsci (Gramsci’s Ashes, 1957) from winning the prestigious Viareggio Prize. In 1959, he published a second novel about slum life, Una vita violente (A Violent Life).
   Pasolini’s first feature film, Accatone, was issued in 1961. The film’s naturalism—like his novels set in Rome’s underworld— created an uproar in Italy but was rewarded with international critical acclaim. The following year, Pasolini was given a suspended prison sentence for blasphemy after the release of RoGoPaG, a collection of four shorts directed by Roberto Rossellini, Jean-Luc Godard, Pasolini, and Ugo Gregoretti. Paradoxically, his next major film, Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (The Gospel According to St. Matthew, 1964), is widely recognized as one of the finest biblical movies ever made; even the Vatican awarded it a prize. Pasolini, a Marxist and nonbeliever, strove to present a sober picture of the story of Christ (who was played by a Spanish architecture student) and to portray the spirituality of the Christian religion—a dimension he believed that Marxists neglected. He followed Matteo with the fablelike Uccellacci e uccellini (The Hawks and Sparrows, 1966). During the student uprisings of the late 1960s, he took an equivocal position, writing a famous poem called “Vi odio figli di papa”(literally, “I Hate You Daddy’s Boys”) that suggested the real working-class heroes were the policemen being assaulted by the upper-class revolutionaries.
   Pasolini’s subsequent films were for the most part concerned with explicit sexual themes. Teorema(Theorem, 1968) was prosecuted unsuccessfully for obscenity; he also made a brilliantly bawdy film version of Boccaccio’s Decamerone (The Decameron, 1971). His last film, Salo, o le centoventi giornate di Sodoma (Salo,or the 120 Days of Sodom, 1975), was an adaption of De Sade set in the dying days of Benito Mussolini’s regime. The film displays Pasolini’s fascination with cruelty and sexual violence, to which he fell victim. In 1975, he was murdered near Rome by a homosexual prostitute.
   See also Cinema; Literature; Il Sessantotto.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pasolini,Pier Paolo — Pa·so·li·ni (pä sō leʹne), Pier Paolo. 1922 1975. Italian writer and director whose films, including The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964) and The Decameron (1971), reflect on religion, class, and sexuality. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (1922 1975)    Poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, film director. Although he would become one of the foremost directors to emerge in the second wave of postwar Italian cinema in the early 1960s, Pasolini came to cinema relatively late …   Guide to cinema

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (1922 1975)    Poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, film director. Although he would become one of the foremost directors to emerge in the second wave of postwar Italian cinema in the early 1960s, Pasolini came to cinema relatively late …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — born March 5, 1922, Bologna, Italy died Nov. 2, 1975, Ostia, near Rome Italian film director, poet, and novelist. He wrote novels about Rome s slum life as well as a significant body of poetry. Pasolini became a screenwriter in the mid 1950s,… …   Universalium

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — • ПАЗОЛИ НИ (Pasolini) Пьер Паоло (5.3.1922 2.11.1975)    итал. режиссёр, сценарист, теоретик кино. Окончил Болонский ун т. В 50 х гг. получил известность как прогрес. писатель, публицист и поэт. В 1954 62 участвовал в создании 15 сц. ф., в т. ч …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — ► (1922 75) Escritor y director cinematográfico italiano. Luchó para la revalorización de la creación popular como expresión de la realidad. En su poesía destacan Diarios de P. P. Pasolini (1945) y ¿Dónde está mi patria? (1949), entre otras. Obra …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo —  (1922–1975) Italian writer, actor, and film director …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Pasolini, Pier Paolo — (Bologna 1922 Roma 1975) scrittore, saggista e poeta ; regista cinematografico; anima delle riviste “Officina” e “Nuovi Argomenti”. collab./opere: “Paragone”, “Il Mondo”, “Giovedì”, “Il Punto”, “Tempo” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Pier-Paolo Pasolini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pasolini (homonymie). Pier Paolo Pasolini …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pier Paolo Pasolini — (* 5. März 1922 in Bologna; † 2. November 1975 in Ostia) war ein italienischer Filmregisseur, Dichter und Publizist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Kindheit und Jugend …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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